As a result of severe damage to the knee joint, orthopedic health problems occur in people. Knee replacement surgery is an effective surgical intervention method at this point. Due to the structural deterioration of the knee joints, side effects such as severe pain and difficulty in walking are observed. Joint disorders occur as a result of various reasons such as aging, hereditary and environmental factors.
To Whom Is It Applied?
As a result of the loss of cartilage tissue, the joint structure is seriously damaged. The smooth and hard structure of the joint surface is damaged and calcification is observed. Before the operation, an exercise plan is made by the physical therapist according to the needs of the patient. However, treating knee joint problems with non-surgical techniques may not be an effective solution.
In general, there are certain points that specialist physicians pay attention to. The orthopedic health status of the patient is very important during the physical examination. There are factors such as the way of walking and the posture of the legs. The problems experienced by the person during the day due to the knee joint problem are also part of the evaluation. Finally, the results of the examinations and images evaluated by the physician after the examination are also effective in the decision of knee replacement surgery.
Types of Prosthesis
There are two different types of knee replacement surgery that vary according to the needs of individuals. It is divided into two separate groups as half and total knee prosthesis. The knee joint has certain parts as inner, outer and kneecap. The type of prosthesis varies according to the extent of calcification and wear in the knee joints. The decision is made according to the radiology findings, orthopedics and traumatology specialist’s examination.
How is Knee Replacement Surgery Performed
It is extremely important to clearly understand the general health status of the person before the surgery. It is aimed to prevent any complications that may occur on the patient. Conditions such as inflammation and bleeding can be given as examples. First, the damaged parts of the knee joint are diagnosed as a result of x-rays. According to this result, the procedures to be performed by the experienced specialist physician for the knee joint operation are decided.
It is expected that the joint structure will regain its functionally healthy form after knee replacement surgery. It is observed that the persistent knee pain before the treatment is greatly reduced. It contributes to the efficiency of daily activities by increasing the quality of life of the patient. In order for the knee joint to adapt to the prosthesis, it is recommended to move the patient by specialist doctors.