Various accidents occur during the day that will adversely affect the orthopedic health of people. The hip joint is also exposed to many damages or injuries in this sense. Procedures such as hip replacement, Hip Prosthesis repair or renewal of the existing joint are performed. Severe pain, difficulty in walking can be seen. Therefore, there may be slowdown and disruption in activities during the day.
What is Hip Prothesis?
The hip joint is structurally composed of the head and socket. The thigh bone, in other words, the femoral head and the cartilage-bone structure are described as the hip joint socket. Hip replacement is required as a result of some developmental damage, accident history due to impact and age-related reasons.
Surgery is performed to repair the hip joint due to calcification, hip dislocation and also growth plate slippage which plays an important role in development, in children.
Types of Hip Prosthesis
Two different techniques are applied as uncemented and cemented hip prosthesis. Partial and total prosthesis techniques differ in terms of surgical approach technique. In partial hip replacement, which means half, only the femoral head is replaced. However, in the total hip replacement technique, the femoral head and hip joint socket are renewed simultaneously.
Cemented hip prostheses are used in patients with weak bone structure due to age and severe osteoporosis. Today, it is a treatment method applied to very few patients. Surgical operation is often performed with uncemented hip prosthesis in young and elderly patients.
Hip Prothesis and Necessary Conditions
It is one of the issues that patients wonder who needs hip replacement in which situations. This situation varies according to the person’s health status, age and condition of the hip joint. Medication and rest may not affect positively the person’s hip pain. As a result of damage to the joints, the basic activities performed during the day may be disrupted.
The hip problems experienced by patients treated by an orthopedic specialist are as follows;
Hip Calcification: It is among the most common complaints among adults. It occurs due to movement restriction as a result of loss of cartilage tissue.
Hip Fractures: Fractures in the hip joint do not heal by fusion like other bone structures. Therefore, the broken structure on the hip joint is treated by placing a prosthesis.
Avascular Necrosis: It is known as the femoral head blood supply problem. It is the absence of vitality as a result of inflammation of the initial part of the hip joint. Finally, it loses its form formally.
Developmental Hip Dysplasia: It is the dislocation of the hip joint as a result of factors that occur in the womb or occur after birth in babies. If not diagnosed early, hip replacement may be required.
Hip Replacement and Risk Factors
Finally, the risks of surgery are another issue that patients wonder about. There is no possibility of infection when it is performed by specialist doctors in the field and when technically advanced methods are used. Rarely, the prosthesis may need to be replaced as a result of wear. Otherwise, there is a risk of osteoporosis. There is also a risk of clot formation after surgery. For this reason, blood thinners, compression stockings should be used and the joints should be started to move during the period recommended by the doctor.
ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY SPECIALIST
pROF. dR. hASAN hİLMİ mURATLI